Dream Theories You May Have Missed

Although most people involved in the theory of dreams and the interpretation of dreams are those of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, there are far fewer known but important individuals in the world of dream research and dream interpretation. The two most important of these are Alfred Adler and Frederick Pearls, and this is the subject of this article.


Alfred Adler (1870-1937)
What Alfred Adler made special to the world of dream interpretation was the belief that dreams should be used to understand and solve problems in the waking world. Adler believed that by bringing dreams into the waking world, the dreamer could solve problems in the day-to-day world. He believes that people can use resources from their dreams and use them to solve problems while awake. Although Sigmund Freud believes that all forms of behavior are suppressed behind sexual influence, Adler believes that motivation and drive are responsible parties. In addition, Adler did not believe that conscious actions and behavior were ruled unconscious. Unlike Freud, Alfred Adler believed that people strive to do what they do by striving for perfection.


Frederick Perls (1893-1970)
Frederick Perls is known as the inventor of gestalt therapy. The goal of gestalt therapy is to enable patients to fill their emotional void so that they can be perfect. For Pearls, dreams have their own negative and unacceptable parts. Therefore, in Pearls' theory of dream interpretation, each person and the element of the dream represent an aspect of the dreamer's self. Pearls rejects popular dream theory by Carl Jung. Carl Jung believed that images in dreams were part of a universal symbolic language. Pearls rejected this archaeological explanation of the image of the dream in favor of his own theory that the objects in the dream are self-representation. For Pearls, each dream is unique to the person who dreamed it, and there were no universal archetypal images of tilting.


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